Fujian's "eight mountains, one water and one sub-field" is located in the southeast coast, with a per capita arable land of only about 0.5 acres. Due to historical reasons, after a long time since the founding of New China, the infrastructure was relatively backward, 220.127.116.11 commented, especially in rural areas, agricultural production capacity is low, and the incidence of poverty remains high.
Based on limited arable land, intensive cultivation creates a better life. Since the founding of the People's Republic of China, from the restoration of agricultural production, to the household responsibility system for joint production, to the sudden emergence of township and village enterprises, to the ongoing rural revitalization, Fupinhui is the latest. The characteristics of agricultural and rural development at different stages have gradually promoted rural construction and reform.
In 2018, the per capita income of rural residents in Fujian was 17,790 yuan, the contribution rate of agricultural science and technology progress was 61%, the comprehensive mechanization rate of major crops was 63%, and the total output value of the top ten rural characteristic industries in the entire industrial chain exceeded 1.5 trillion yuan. The continuously emancipating and developing rural productive forces promote the accelerated transformation of Fujian's traditional agriculture to modern agriculture.
Steady increase in agricultural productivity
Since the founding of New China, combining hilly landforms, Qilu movie qlumovie, Fujian has continuously promoted agricultural science and technology innovation, and the comprehensive agricultural production capacity has been greatly improved. In terms of favorite three cents, the variety and quantity of agricultural products have increased significantly. In particular, since the mid-1990s, Qin Shiming and the Moon have been destined. Agricultural production has not only made breakthroughs in quantity, but also has made a great leap in quality. 977xkan, the supply of major agricultural products has been basically balanced from a long-term shortage to the total amount. Historic change.
The province's situation of having more people and less land determines that the fundamental way out for Fujian's agriculture lies in its specialization and refinement. To this end, Fujian constructs three characteristic industrial belts in southeast Fujian, including high-quality agriculture, northwest Fujian green agriculture, and coastal blue agriculture, to create a whole industry chain of tea, fruits, vegetables, livestock and poultry, aquatic products, forest bamboo, flowers and nursery stocks, and the output value exceeds 100 billion Yuan's advantageous characteristic industries. In 2018, Niu Lulu Yilan was the latest. The output and output value of Maocha ranked first in the country. The output, export volume and export value of edible fungi ranked first in the country. The scale of hogs, layer chickens, broilers, dairy cows and other countries ranked the country. Forefront.
Food production is not relaxed at any time. Based on the limited cultivated land, Fujian continuously strengthens agricultural technology innovation and promotion, organizes the implementation of seed industry innovation and industrialization projects, implements the strategy of "storing grain on the ground, hiding grain on the technology", and supporting the development of moderate grain. Scale production. At present, the crop and livestock and poultry variety coverage rate is over 96%, and the main household production increase rate is over 90%. The area for grain sowing and the total output have remained stable at 18 million mu and 6.5 million tons. With the continuous advancement of key projects such as grain production areas, high-standard farmland, reclamation of abandoned hills and fields, and the enhancement of the “1112” project, the comprehensive grain production capacity has been continuously enhanced.
70 years of agricultural production is a process of transition from traditional agriculture to modern agriculture. As of the beginning of 2018, Fujian has built 59 modern agricultural industrial parks at or above the provincial level, such as the modern agricultural demonstration zone and Taiwan peasant entrepreneurial park, and has constructed 3,173 standardized production bases of various types, and created standardized horticultural crop gardens at the provincial level and above, and standardized demonstration of livestock and poultry breeding. There were 1,223 venues and 3,310 "three products and one standard" certified products.
Forestry economy is vibrant
Thanks to the subtropical maritime monsoon climate, the forest growth in Fujian has unique conditions. "Back to the mountains and eat the mountains", in the past 70 years, Fujian has been "for the benefit of forest farmers" as the starting point, and constantly do a good job in forestry articles. Especially since the reform and opening up, Fujian has focused on the cultivation of forest resources and the production and processing of wood and forest products, and the forestry production has been full of vitality.
In 1989, Fujian made a decision to implement the "three-five-seven" (3 to 5 years to basically eliminate the barren hills of Yilin, and 7 years to green the eight Fujian land) afforestation and greening project. The national movement for afforestation and greening was fully rolled out in the eight Fujian land. In 1995, the macro objective of "Greening Eight Mins" was achieved as scheduled. In 2019, Fujian's forest coverage rate was 66.80%, ranking first in the country for 40 consecutive years.
Let green water and green mountains become golden and silver mountains. In 2002, Fujian took the lead in carrying out the reform of the collective forest tenure system with the main content of “clearing property rights, revitalizing management rights, implementing disposal rights, and ensuring income rights” as the main content. In 2006, it took the lead in advancing comprehensive supporting reforms, initially achieving the goals of "mounting mountains, setting roots, and people's hearts" and "national green, forest farmers profit" goals, and became a banner for national forest reform.
After the provincial government issued two documents to deepen forest reform in 2013 and 2015, the provincial government issued measures in 2016 to “redeem purchase of commercial forests in key ecological locations, purchase facility flower plantation insurance, and establish provincial forest rights collection and storage centers” Wait for "three nations to take the lead". In 2017, 310 new entities such as forestry cooperatives, joint stock farms, and family forest farms were newly cultivated, with a cumulative total of 4,873. The comprehensive forest insurance coverage rate was 83.2%, and the economic development area under the forest was 22.35 million mu, continuing to serve as a model for national forest reform.
Let the countryside grow green and beautiful. In recent years, Fujian has organized activities such as the creation of green home demonstration villages, green villages and towns, and green demonstration villages. A total of 3552 demonstration villages for planting precious trees, 474 green townships, and 7,288 green villages have been created.
Steady progress in poverty alleviation and development
After the founding of the People's Republic of China, Fujian is located on the frontline of the southeast coast and integrates old revolutionary areas, ethnic minority areas, and island areas. The vast rural areas have poor infrastructure and a high incidence of poverty. In the long-term work practice, Fujian has explored a distinctive way to overcome poverty.
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